UUttarakhand, earlier Uttaranchal, is a state in the northern part of India. It is sometimes called the “Land of theGods” Devbhoomi Uttarakhand (Hindi: ???????) because of the many holy Hindu temples and pilgrimage centres found through the state. Devbhoomi Uttarakhand is renowned for its natural beauty of the| Himalayas, the Bhabhar and also the Terai. On 9 November 2000, this 27th state of the Republic of India was carved out of the Himalayan and adjoining northwestern districts of Uttar Pradesh. It borders the Tibet Autonomous Region on the north; the Mahakali Zone of the Far-Western Region, Nepal on the east; as well as the Indian states of Uttar Pradesh to the south and Himachal Pradesh to the northwest. Their state is split into two divisions, Garhwal and Kumaon, with a total of 13 districts. The provisional capital of Uttarakhand is Dehradun, the greatest city in the area, which is a railhead. The high court of the state is in Nainital.
Archaeological evidence support the existence of humans in the region since prehistoric times. Among the initial major dynasties of Garhwal and Kumaon were the Kunindas in the 2nd century BCE who practised an early type of Shaivism. Ashokan edicts at Kalsi show the early presence of Buddhism in this region. Through the medieval period the location was consolidated under the Kumaon and Garhwal kingdom. By 1803 the location fell to the Gurkha Empire of Nepal with the conclusion of the Anglo-Nepalese War in 1816 the majority of modern Uttarakhand was ceded to the British within the Treaty of Sugauli. Even though erstwhile hill kingdoms of devbhumi tourism were traditional rivals, the proximity of different neighbouring ethnic groups and the inseparable and complementary nature with their geography, economy, culture, language, and traditions created strong bonds between the two regions which further strengthened through the movement for statehood within the 1990s.
The natives of the state are generally called either Garhwali or Kumaoni based on their host to origin. According to the 2011 census of India, Uttarakhand features a population of 10,116,752, making it the 19th most populous state in India. A big portion of the population consists of Rajputs and Brahmins. Greater than 88% from the population follow Hinduism. Muslims would be the largest minority inside the state with Sikhs, Christians, Buddhists, and Jains being the other major religions. Garhwali and Kumaoni along with other hilly dialects and sub-dialects are the main regional languages, whereas Hindi is regarded as the widely spoken language. Uttarakhand is the only state in India with Sanskrit among its official languages.
Two of the most basic rivers in Hinduism originate in the area, the Ganga at Gangotri and also the Yamuna at Yamunotri. Those two along with Badrinath and Kedarnath form the Chota Char Dham, a holy pilgrimage for the Hindus. The state hosts the Bengal tiger in Jim Corbett National Park, the oldest national park of the Indian subcontinent. The optskj of Flowers, a Unesco World Heritage Site based in the upper expanses of Bhyundar Ganga near Joshimath in Gharwal region, is renowned for the variety and rarity of its flowers and plants.
Each district is governed by way of a district commissioner or district magistrate. The districts are further separated into sub-divisions, which are governed by sub-divisional magistrates; sub-divisions comprise blocks containing panchayats (village councils) and town municipalities. In accordance with the 2011 census, Haridwar, Dehradun, and Udham Singh Nagar are the most populous districts, each of them using a population of more than a million.
Devbhimu Uttarakhand has special reason to rejoice and celebrate because this land has, since the past, been the land of Gods and sages. The land where excellent arts of life like yoga and meditation emanated from. It has been home to legendary sages like Ved Vyas and Rabhya Rishi.
This land in the gods has several sites that link it to the Ramayana and also the Mahabharata. The great Dronacharya meditated on the banks of the Tonnes river inside the Doon valley as the tenth Sikh Guru, Gobind Singh, meditated at Hemkund lake which finds mention in “Bachitra Natak”, the autobiography of Guru Gobind Singh. Hemkund is additionally thought to be lokpal, a spot existing through the times during Ramayana. It is said that lokpal was the place where lakshman sat on meditation. lokpal continues to be related to lakshman, for being his favorite place. There are lots of stories about lakshman and his awesome attachment with this place. Additionally it is considered that lakshman meditated with this lake and regained health after being wounded by Meghnad, son of Ravana. Including the Ganga, which has been part of our country’s history, religion and culture since times immemorial, reflects a maturity, serenity and calmness as it flows through Rishikesh and Hardwar. The mighty river itself seems to be in deep meditation during these two sacred cities